The Hindu god of death. He is the ‘restrainer’, and was originally conceived as the king of the departed spirits who lived in the upper sky.
He and his sister Yami, the first mortals, were the children of Surya, the sun god. Yama's role as friend of the dead gradually altered to that of a less beneficent deity; he became the terrible judge and punisher of human misdeeds, in appearance green, armed with a noose as well as a club, and seated on a buffalo. Two insatiable dogs with four eyes and broad nostrils guard the road to his abode. A soul when it quits the body hastens past these fierce beasts to the palace of death, where the recorder, Chitragupta, reads out its account so that Yama may reach a judgement. The sentence will dispatch the soul to either a heavenly dwelling-place, one of the twenty-one hells, or back to the world for rebirth. Reminiscent of the Greek underworld are Vaitarani, the river bordering the land of the dead, and the gnathic threat from the guardian dogs, whose reputation probably derived from observation of their scavenger relations on earth. Greek corpses were actually provided with honey-cakes to feed Cerberus. - [ 翻譯此頁 ]486–507. New York, de Gruyter.  External links. Dying, Yamaraja and Yamadutas · Yama's subordinance to Vishnu · v · d · eHindu deities and texts. Gods ...
地獄 (捺落迦=Naraka (Sanskrit: नरक) is the Sanskrit word for the underworld; literally, of man. According to Hinduism, Sikhism, Jainism and Buddhism, Naraka is a place of torment, or Hell. The word 'Neraka' 泥犁--胡適拼成Niraya(corruption of Naraka) has also been absorbed and it is used to describe Hell in Indonesian and Malay language, even though most of Indonesia and Malaysia people are Muslim.