2011年6月25日 星期六

Carl Lotus, 1873-1945 回也非助我者也,於吾言無所不說。

胡適 1953/7/21 康乃爾大學度假27天讀此史書
Becker引 Abelard 的疑生知 (真理)
他門口貼
回也非助吾者也

– 先進第四"子曰:「回也非助者也,於吾言無所不說。」 ‧

胡適之先生的世界The Many Worlds of Dr. Hu Shih: 胡適雜憶(唐德剛).... 亞波拉(Abelard)最後屈服於教會的權威而甘願與愛洛綺思永別,陳衡哲對他的懦弱表示非常 ...


  1. Cornell University: Founders and the Founding - Google 圖書結果

    Carl L. Becker - 2010 - Biography & Autobiography - 226 頁
    The act is in Laws of New YorJ(, 1865, Chapter 586; and Laws and Documents Relating to Cornell University, 21. In the latter collection there is a slight ...
    books.google.com/books?isbn=0801476151...
  2. Carl L. Becker - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

    - [ 翻譯這個網頁 ]
    Becker got his Ph.D. in 1907. He was John Wendell Anderson Professor of History in the Department of History at Cornell University from 1917 to 1941. ...

Carl Lotus Becker (September 7, 1873 – April 10, 1945) was an American historian.

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[edit] Life

He was born in Waterloo, Iowa. He studied at the University of Wisconsin–Madison. Frederick Jackson Turner was his doctoral advisor there. Becker got his Ph.D. in 1907. He was John Wendell Anderson Professor of History in the Department of History at Cornell University from 1917 to 1941. He was elected a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1923.[1]

Cornell has recognized his work as an educator by naming one of its five new residential colleges the Carl Becker House.

[edit] Works

He is best known for The Heavenly City of the Eighteenth-Century Philosophers (1932), four lectures on The Enlightenment delivered at Yale University. His assertion—that philosophies in the "Age of Reason" relied far more upon Christian assumptions than they cared to admit—has been influential, but has also been much attacked.[by whom?] Interest in the book is partly explained by this passage (p. 47):

In the thirteenth century the key words would no doubt be God, sin, grace, salvation, heaven and the like; in the nineteenth century, matter, fact, matter-of-fact, evolution, progress; in the twentieth century, relativity, process, adjustment, function, complex. In the eighteenth century the words without which no enlightened person could reach a restful conclusion were nature, natural law, first cause, reason, sentiment, humanity, perfectibility […].

This isolation of vocabularies of the epoch chimes with much later work, even if the rest of the book is essayistic in approach. Johnson Kent Wright writes

Becker wrote as a principled liberal […]. Yet in some respects The Heavenly City presents an almost uncanny anticipation of the "postmodern" reading of the eighteenth century.
—"The Pre-Postmodernism of Carl Becker", p. 162, in Postmodernism and the Enlightenment (2001), Daniel Gordon editor

[edit] Works

  • Political Parties in the Province of New York from 1766-75 (1908)
  • The Beginnings of the American People (1915)
  • The Eve of the Revolution (1918)
  • The Declaration of Independence—A Study in the History of Political Ideas (1922, 1942)
  • Our Great Experiment in Democracy (1924)
  • The Spirit of '76 (with G.M. Clark and W.E. Dodd) (1926)
  • Modern History (1931)
  • The Heavenly City of the Eighteenth-Century Philosophers (1932)
  • Every Man His Own Historian (1935)
  • Progress and Power (1936)
  • Story of Civilization (with Frederic Duncalf) (1938)
  • Modern Democracy (1941)
  • New Liberties for Old (1941)
  • Cornell University: Founders and the Founding (1943)
  • How New Will the Better World Be?—A Discussion of Post-War Reconstruction (1944)
  • Freedom and Responsibility in the American Way of Life (1945)
  • Freedom of Speech and Press

[edit] Quotes

  • "History is the memory of things said and done."
  • "The significance of man is that he is insignificant and is aware of it."
  • "Freedom and responsibility." This saying, from a 1943 lecture, has been frequently misquoted.[2] When Cornell memorialized Becker by naming a residential college in his honor, the university commissioned a large stone placard to be affixed to the building's entryway reading "FREEDOM WITH RESPONSIBILITY".[2]

[edit] References

  • Carl Becker: On History & the Climate of Opinion (1956) Charlotte W. Smith
  • The Pragmatic Revolt in American History: Carl Becker and Charles Beard (1958) Cushing Strout
  • Carl Becker: A Biographical Study in American Intellectual History (1961) Burleigh T. Wilkins
  • NNDB

[edit] External links


Becker, Carl Lotus, 1873-1945

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