2015年7月28日 星期二

1932.12.4 :演講 Pasteur為國省5百萬法郎國債; 我們所能走的路/中國政治的出路


胡適日記全集, 第 6卷 1930-33,p.637

1932/12/4 日記
早上 為教會學校冬令營講 宗教在中國思想歷史的地位
下午 湖南大學演講 我們所能走的路 和前一講合一 聽眾二千多一 先把自己這塊材料鑄成有用的東西.....
後講 (法) Pasteur 研究一個與政治毫無關係的問題, 最後替國家還5個 ( milliard 10億*,錯誤 )賠款,求學至救國,如此而已。

* Pasteur  應是省5 millions francs,5百萬法郎;1932當時1元約值6法郎。

:http://www3.telus.net/st_simons/cr9712.htm
Having been banished into obscurity in the countryside of Arbois, Pasteur spent the next decade researching the causes of anthrax, the black plague ravaging the sheep across France.  Miraculously Pasteur invented an Anthrax Vaccine, which he gave freely to all farmers’ sheep in Arbois.  When the French government needed more sheep to pay the 5 million francs War indemnity to Germany, they came to Arbois to find out why Pasteur’s sheep were healthy.  Telling them of his vaccine, Pasteur was again mocked as a fool and charlatan by the Academy of Medicine.  Only after a rigorous test where infected Anthrax Blood was injected in 50 sheep, was Pasteur finally vindicated.  To everyone’s amazement, the only sheep that survived were the 25 sheep which Pasteur had injected with his vaccine.




Currency Exchange Rate vs. 1 USD, 1930-1939
 Britain
(Pounds)
China
(Yuan)
France
(Francs)
Germany
(Reichsmark)
Greece
(Drachmas)
India
(Rupees)
Italy
(Lire)
Japan
(Yen)
Mexico
(Peso)
Spain
(Pesetas)
19300.213.3425.484.1977.172.7719.092.022.128.57
19310.224.4625.514.2377.362.9719.212.052.1010.48
19320.294.6025.464.21120.193.8019.513.563.1412.43
19330.24*3.5019.883.28138.263.1414.903.903.569.33
19340.202.9315.222.54106.362.6411.683.373.607.34
19350.202.7315.152.48106.542.7112.133.483.607.31
19360.203.3616.362.48107.652.6713.713.453.608.12
19370.203.3824.722.49110.442.6819.013.473.6016.52
19380.204.6834.742.49111.632.7319.013.524.5217.86
19390.238.4239.842.50122.653.0019.253.855.189.41
Notes:
*China changed currency to the New Yuan
Canada's exchange rate is within pennies of the USD, Australia was approx .05 higher than Britain
Compiled from: Economic History Services




1932/12/5很重要豐富
全省紀念周講 中國政治的出路
邏輯:.....出路
1.努力造成一個重心:國民黨...祝成功 否則又得浪費10-20年重建一個
2.努力建設一個可以維繫全國人心的制度: 如國會 如考試制度
3.建立一個"知難 行亦不易"的政治哲學
這孔子早就說過:

子路:定公問:“一言而可以興邦,有諸?”孔子對曰:“言不可以若是其幾也。人之言曰:‘為君難,為臣不 易。’如知為君之難也,不幾乎一言而興邦乎?”曰:“一言而喪邦,有諸?”孔子對曰:“言不可以若是其幾也。人之言曰:‘予無樂乎為君,唯其言而莫予違 也。’如其善而莫之違也,不亦善乎?如不善而莫之違也,不幾乎一言而喪邦乎?”

子路:定公問:“一句話可以使國家興旺,有這樣的話嗎?”孔子答:“雖然不可以這樣說,但也差不多。有人 說:‘做君難,做臣不易。’如果知道做君難了,不幾乎一句話可以使國家興旺嗎?”說:“一句話可以亡國,有這樣的話嗎?”孔子答:“雖然不可以這樣說,但 也差不多。有的君主說:‘我的樂趣不在於做君主,而在於沒人敢違抗我說的話。’如果他的話正確,那很好;如果他的話不對卻沒人敢反抗,不幾乎一句話可以亡 國嗎?”

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