2018年6月30日 星期六

胡適與泰戈爾 Rabindranath Tagore ;Stephen Northrup Hay的博士論文Tagore's Trip to China in 1924. Asian Ideas of East and West By Stephen Northrup Hay : Tagore and His Critics in Japan, China, and India. A Nobel Tradition: Rabindranath Tagore


胡適《追憶太戈爾在中國》(《胡適文集 七》北京大學出版社,頁626-27。)中,談到《華嚴經》的《回向品》所記:…”盡人而悅之是不可能的。「回向」是大乘佛教的一個思想,即已成菩薩道的人,還得回向人間,為眾生努力。

胡適日記:1956年8月3日所記的 (為何當時中國思想背景已經不能接受泰戈爾的思想),與芝加哥大學的Stephen Northrup Hay所談的,後來出的書:
Asian Ideas of East and West: Tagore and His Critics in Japan, China, and India. 
  • Series: Harvard East Asian Series, (Book 40)
  • Hardcover: 501 pages
  • Publisher: Harvard University Press; First Edition edition (July 1, 1974)
用Hu Shih全文檢索,除了有1956年8月3日的訪談,還有1954年10月13日的博士論文Tagore's Trip to China in 1924 前的訪談。
1924年5月11日胡適給泰戈爾的信。



IN MEMORIAM
Stephen Northrup Hay
Professor of History, Emeritus
Santa Barbara
1925—2002

Stephen had an extraordinarily wide-ranging mind. Primarily a scholar of South Asia, he combined his deep interests in history, science, psychology, archeology, natural science, philosophy, and religion to produce a number of books and many articles in the field. Among his books are Sources of the Indian Tradition, Southeast Asian History: A Bibliographic Guide: Dialogue Between a Theist and an Idolater (Brahma-puttalik sanavad), and Asian Ideas of East and West: Tagore and His Critics in Japan, China, and India. At his death, he had completed one book on science, religion, and prayer and another on the youth of the man he most admired, Mohandas K. (Mahatma) Gandhi.

Stephen's interests ranged far beyond his specialty; he had a superb grasp of European and American cultural history as well and spoke German fluently. Always original, always unconventional, he created a logical, mathematical set of musical notation. His originality was nurtured at Deep Springs College, a small, isolated liberal arts college, and then at Haverford. From 1944 to 1946 he served in the U.S. Army, and afterwards he traveled extensively in Europe, the Middle East, and India. Always determined to meet and converse with great thinkers, Stephen had dialogues with Carl Jung, Martin Buber, and Sri Aurobindo; sadly for Stephen, and of course for the entire world, Mahatma Gandhi died before Stephen could meet him.

Stephen took his B.A. from Swarthmore and his M.A. and Ph.D. from Harvard; he taught at the University of Chicago and Harvard before coming to UCSB in 1966; he retired in 1990. He was a Fellow of the Asia Society and a Fulbright Fellow; he won the Watmull prize and the Commonwealth Club of California Silver Medal for Literature. Stephen and his wife Eloise, Professor of English, were known for their deep conversations on matters of philosophy and religion, and Stephen, a man of eclectic faith, endowed the study of Islam in the History Department and the study of prayer in the Religious Studies Department. The History Department has created a Stephen Hay Fellowship for graduate students. No one could know Stephen without deeply profiting from his deep spirituality and his original thought.

Jeffrey B. Russell
----
泰戈爾到了北京與一些學者交往之後,才知道彼此有許多相似處。像但丁和喬叟在其時代,泰戈爾和胡適都選擇日常使用的白話文來表達和創作。

The Essential Tagore By Rabindranath Tagore, HUP,2011, p.15 

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泰戈爾作品和一些因緣


Rabindranath Tagore - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Rabindranath Tagore (Bengali: রবীন্দ্রনাথ ঠাকুর, Robindronath Ţhakur)α[›]β[›] (7 May 1861 – 7 August 1941) 是文藝全才--《泰戈爾作品》的漢文詩集相當多
四十年前 台灣有靡文開編 《泰戈爾詩集》台北:三民 1963/1992第17版

漂鳥集 1-72(此書書林有漢英對照版 傅譯)
新月集 73-140
採果集
頌歌集 (跋中收 胡適在泰戈爾64歲時贈的"回向"一詩 這年齡令我有點困惑 因為它寫於1925年 訪華之前......)
園丁集
愛貽集
橫渡集405-454




後來台灣兩種諾貝爾獎(1912) 都收入不少

泰戈爾在1928年訪問中國 在上海和北京都是盛事 留下許多紀錄 很可惜沒出專書......

泰戈爾作品和一些因緣


Did you know that Bob Dylan wasn't the first songwriter to win the Nobel? Calcutta-born poet Rabindranath Tagore was awarded the prize in 1913:
"Tagore was a true multi-disciplinarian. He was a performer, essayist, artist, poet, as well as a lover of music and a fine, prolific writer of songs. He wrote in both Bengali and English and translated his own work. The title of his most famous creation, a collection of 103 lyric poems published in 1912, is Gitanjali: 
 Song Offerings. Tagore had translated the work on his sick bed in Bengal, feeling too ill to work on new material. As the title suggests, much of the material contained therein are songs, albeit songs that Tagore converted into compositions that are meant to work as poetry without music. This collection — a small slice of his oeuvre, which includes 60 books of verse — almost certainly secured Tagore the prize. It throws into question the claim that Dylan is the first songwriter to win the Nobel in Literature. If this really was a collection of songs, then that’s it — Tagore had Dylan beat by over a century. And yet."


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