2016年1月12日 星期二

康南耳先生的老保險櫃、墓地:胡適 寫、講(1941.1.11)《康南耳傳》 (Ezra Cornell )到創校150年:The Founders故事和相關人物 Andrew Dickson White: 1911年亡國慘狀

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Cornell University 更新了封面相片。
Elaine Engst, Cornell University archivist, and Lance Heidig, outreach and learning services librarian, remove Cornell University’s original charter from the vault in Kroch Library to be used in a special sesquicentennial exhibit today through Charter Day Weekend. Behind them is Ezra Cornell’s personal safe, in which small items of great value are stored, including two Nobel prizes and an Olympic gold medal owned by Cornellians.
For an inside look at Cornell’s Charter and info about exhibit hours:http://www.news.cornell.edu/…/…/inside-look-cornells-charter
Photo by Joe Wilensky

Cornelliana with Corey Earle '07: The Founders
An in-depth look at the two men who built Cornell:https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=up3VNo3VGWY



1911年胡適的日記多憂國
3月23
寫信 ".......頗多感 之言 實以國亡在旦夕 不自覺其言之....."

24 日
"連日日所思維 夜所夢囈 無非亡國慘狀 夜中時失眠
知"不恤其緯,而憂宗周之隕" 是人情天理中事也
出處: 《左傳·昭公二十四年》:「嫠不恤其緯,而憂宗周之隕,為將及焉。」
典故: 寡婦不怕織得少,而怕亡國之禍。舊時比喻憂國忘家。
例子: 嫠不恤其緯,憂天如杞人。(清·龔自珍《乞糴保陽》詩)




Cornell University 更新了封面相片。

Sage Chapel is the non-denominational chapel on the campus. Sage Chapel serves as the final resting place of the university's founders, Ezra Cornell and Andrew Dickson White, and their wives. The building was a gift to the university of Henry William Sage and his wife.


記弗納/學術獨立計畫

胡適日记全集, 第 1 卷 1906-1914

"九月裡,先生寫成《康南耳傳》Ezra Cornell 1807-74。我們讀先生這傳,知道先生後來致力於國家的教育事業,蓋亦由於青年時期多識賢哲的懿行所致。"


"查《胡適留學日記》,1911年2月,胡適開始關注“本校發達史”;4月,閱讀康乃爾大學創辦人的傳記資料;4月10日,開始撰寫《康南耳君傳》,8月 25日文稿完成,9月3日修訂,9月22日在中國學生組織的中國語演說會上演講。此文1915年3月刊《留美學生季報》春季第一號。

上世紀六十年代初,胡 適在臺重刊此文,還加了個“自記”,說明當初的寫作狀態。此傳就寫“康南耳君”平生兩件大事:創辦北美洲電報事業和康乃爾大學。文中稱:“當其初建學校 時,常語白博士曰:吾欲令人人皆可於此中隨所欲而求學焉(此語今刊于大學印章之上)。及其病篤,猶語白博士曰:天不能假我二十年,再贏一百萬金,以供大學 之用耶。嗟夫,此語滋可念也。” 昨天讀簡明大英百科Ezra Cornell條 一生共捐三百萬美金

文後摹倣太史公:“胡適曰:若康南耳君者,可謂豪傑之士矣。”這種志向與趣味,與其日後問學從政時,均取“建設者的姿 態”,大有關聯。在我看來,凡有志於教育事業的,都是理想主義者。因為,做教育事業,需要長遠的眼光,而且堅信只要耕耘必有收穫。"

1962/2/12  1962年是美國Morrill 法案百年紀念---聯邦補助農業大學之發展

 "六點二十多分鐘,先生從書房裏出來到後面的厠所去,經過餐廳門口,看見胡頌平在那兒做校正的工作,他慈祥的笑着說:「頌 平,這是不急的工作,你有空時去作好了,用不着在此地趕的。回家太晚了,你太太不會怪你嗎?」先生說話往往這樣風趣的,胡頌平於是帶着這些文件回家去。 (參閱胡頌平「適之先生『康南耳傳』的最後校改」此文收入李敖編的《胡適選集‧人物》頁17-20,原刊載於文星一五十四號,五十一年四月出版)

胡適 《康南耳傳 》校改本(hc按: 1962),送給
徐高阮、毛子水臺靜農臺大圖書館成功大學圖書館李敖、蔣孟鄰、沈宗瀚 錢天鶴 、(經胡頌平提起,加中央圖書館)。
 本Blog 早晚會介紹這些人

 《胡適日記》1941.1.11日:晚上到Cornell Club的FOUNDATION DAY* 聚餐,我演說"Ezra Cornell",這是我今年第一次演說。
*2016.1.11
Today is Ezra Cornell's 209th Birthday. Happy Birthday Ezra!
All about Ezra: http://rmc.library.cornell.edu/ezra/



康乃爾共同創立人Andrew Dickson White
胡適留學時讀過他的回憶錄
  • The Autobiography of Andrew Dickson White (1911), online at Autobiography of Andrew Dickson White: Vol. 1, Vol. 2

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Ezra Cornell
1st Chairman of Cornell Board of Trustees
In office
1866–1874
Preceded by none
Succeeded by Henry W. Sage
Personal details
Born January 11, 1807
Westchester County, New York, USA
Died December 9, 1874 (aged 67)
Signature
Ezra Cornell (January 11, 1807 – December 9, 1874) was an American businessman and education administrator. He was a founder of Western Union and a co-founder of Cornell University. He also served as President of the New York Agriculture Society and as a state Senator.

Contents

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[edit] Birth and early life

He was born in Westchester County, New York, the son of a potter, Elijah Cornell, and was raised near DeRuyter, New York.[1] He was a first cousin, five times removed of Benjamin Franklin on his maternal grandmother's side. He was also a cousin of Paul Cornell, the founder of Chicago's Hyde Park neighborhood. Having traveled extensively as a carpenter in New York State, Ezra, upon first setting eyes on Cayuga Lake and Ithaca, decided Ithaca would be his future home.
The emigrant Thomas Cornell was probably Puritan at first then a follower of Roger Williams and Anne Hutchinson drifting into Quakerism which seems to have been the religion of his descendants. Written by John Cornell at the Cornell Homestead[2][3][4] in So. Portsmouth, Rhode Island and dated August 7, 1901. [5] Portsmouth, RI is noteworthy in American history for the 1638 Portsmouth Compact declaring for a separation of church and state rivaling the Flushing Remonstrance of 1657 declaring for religious tolerance in New Amsterdam, Quakers in particular.

[edit] Marriage and early career

After settling in at Ithaca, Ezra quickly went to work proving himself as a carpenter. Colonel Beebe took notice of the industrious young man and made him the manager of his mill at Fall Creek.
Ezra Cornell was a birthright Quaker, but was later disowned by the Society of Friends for marrying outside of the faith to a "world's woman," a Methodist by the name of Mary Ann Wood. Ezra and Mary Ann were married March 19, 1831, in Dryden, New York.
On February 24, 1832, Ezra Cornell wrote the following response to his expulsion from The Society of Friends due to his marriage to Mary Ann Wood:
I have always considered that choosing a companion for life was a very important affair and that my happiness or misery in this life depended on the choice…
The young and growing family needed more income than could be earned as manager of Beebe's Mills. So, having purchased rights in a patent for a new type of plow, Ezra began what would be decades of traveling away from Ithaca. His territories for sales of the plow were the states of Maine and Georgia. His plan was to sell in Maine in the summer and the milder Georgia in the winter. With limited means, what transported Ezra between the two states were his own two feet.

[edit] Telegraph

Happening into the offices of the Maine Farmer in 1842, Ezra saw an acquaintance of his, one F.O.J. Smith, bent over some plans for a "scraper" as Smith called it. For services rendered, Smith had been granted a one-quarter share of the telegraph patent held by Samuel F.B. Morse, and was attempting to devise a way of burying the telegraph lines in the ground in lead pipe.[6] Ezra's knowledge of plows was put to the test and Ezra devised a special kind of plow that would dig a 2½ foot ditch, lay the pipe and telegraph wire in the ditch and cover it back up as it went. Later it was found that condensation in the pipes and poor insulation of the wires impeded the electrical current on the wires and so hanging the wire from telegraph poles became the accepted method.
Ezra made his fortune in the telegraph business as an associate of Samuel Morse, having gained his trust by constructing and stringing the telegraph poles between Washington, D.C. and Baltimore, Maryland, as the first ever telegraph line of substance in the U.S. To address the problem of telegraph lines shorting out to the ground, Cornell invented the idea of using glass insulators at the point where telegraph lines are connected to supporting poles. After joining with Morse, Cornell supervised the erection of many telegraph lines, including a portion of the New York, Albany & Buffalo line in 1846 and the Erie and Michigan Telegraph Company connecting Buffalo to Milwaukee with partners John James Speed and Francis Ormand Jonathan Smith. Cornell, Speed and Smith also built the New York and Erie line competing with and paralleling to the south the New York, Albany and Buffalo line in which Morse had a major share.[7] The line was completed in 1849 and Cornell was made president of the company.
Cornell's sister Phoebe married Martin B. Wood and moved to Albion, Michigan, in 1848. Cornell gave Wood a job constructing new lines and made Phoebe his telegraph operator, the first woman operator in the United States.[8]
Cornell earned a substantial fortune when the Erie and Michigan was consolidated with Hiram Sibley and his New York and Mississippi Company to form the Western Union company.[9] Cornell received two million in Western Union stock [10]
Cornell was a Republican member of both the New York State Senate and Assembly.

[edit] Cornell University

Cornell retired from Western Union and turned his attention to philanthropy. He endowed the Cornell Library, a public library for the citizens of Ithaca. A lifelong enthusiast of science and agriculture, he saw great opportunity in the 1862 Morrill Land-Grant Colleges Act to found a university that would teach practical subjects on an equal basis with the classics favored by more traditional institutions. Andrew Dickson White helped secure the new institution's status as New York's land grant university, and Cornell University was granted a charter through their efforts in 1865.

Llenroc, home of Ezra Cornell

[edit] Later life


Cornell's sarcophagus in Sage Chapel
Ezra Cornell entered the railroad business, but fared poorly due to the Panic of 1873. He began construction of a palatial Ithaca mansion, Llenroc (Cornell spelled in reverse) to replace his farmhouse, Forest Home, but died before it was completed. Llenroc was maintained by Cornell's heirs for several decades until being sold to the local chapter of the Delta Phi fraternity, which occupies it to this day; Forest Home was sold to the Delta Tau Delta chapter and later demolished. Cornell is interred in Sage Chapel on Cornell's campus, along with Daniel Willard Fiske and Jennie McGraw.
A prolific letter writer, Ezra corresponded with a great many people and would write dozens of letters each week. This was due partly to his wide traveling, and also to the many business associates he maintained during his years as an entrepreneur and later as a politician and university founder. Cornell University has made the approximately 30,000 letters in the Cornell Correspondence available online.
His eldest son, Alonzo B. Cornell, was later governor of New York. Since its founding, the University's charter specified that the eldest lineal descendent of Cornell is granted a life seat on Cornell University's Board of Trustees,[11] currently Ezra Cornell IV. (Since Ezra Cornell IV took the post on November 17, 1969,[12] the law was amended from specifying the "eldest male lineal descendent.")
In 1990, G. David Low, graduate of Cornell University and Space Shuttle astronaut, took with him into outer space a pair of tan silk socks worn by Ezra Cornell on his wedding day in 1831.[13]

《胡適的一個夢想》: 康南耳傳/ 記弗勒斯納/學術獨立計畫







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