2010年12月30日 星期四

從胡應麟:一氣呵成 到胡適

^ 胡適對吳晗寫的《胡應麟年譜》的回信中指出,「前年我曾推斷胡氏『死時年約五十歲』,……今你……考定他死在萬曆三十年,年五十二歲,與我的假定相差甚微。」


胡應麟1551年1602年),字元瑞,一字明瑞[1],號少室山人,又號時羊生[2]浙江金華蘭溪人。
http://www.blogger.com/post-create.g?blogID=6652122076074925418

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青瓦台新年關鍵詞:一氣呵成 【10:35】

〔中央社〕南韓總統府青瓦台圈選「一氣呵成」為2011年新歲的關鍵詞彙。

南韓「朝鮮日報」今天在頭版報導,據青瓦台解釋,「一氣呵成」是指不間斷地、圓滿順利地完成一件事,有好的機會就不要拖延,要馬上完成。

青瓦台表示,「一氣呵成」一語出自於16世紀明朝詩人胡應麟在詩評集中,對杜甫詩作「登高」的評論。寓意是希望在國運昌盛之際,透過國民團結,克服國內外挑戰,讓韓國順利地跨入發達國家行列。

據報導,總統李明博曾為2009年和2010年選定的關鍵詞彙分別是「扶危定傾」和「一勞永逸」。

績溪老倌,多加油!

昨天林公夫婦的望年會中,還有幾件事可以一記。一是林公的夫人善於(蘇州和台北) 購屋投資,那種到拙政園附近,看風水佳,又有自用地預售屋廣告即刻下車訂屋的勁,是很令人配服的。

林公點了一道芋泥,啟明即可背出林文月的《飲膳札記》中說它宜用豬油,上菜之後還評甜度不夠( 還好 ,不過近年糖價大漲,連台糖公司都受到政府的年前緩漲的政策壓力。)

我跟趙先生說,胡適的家鄉人在各種紀念會都極捧場,想起胡適帶梁實秋上家鄉館子時的大吼:「績溪老倌,多加油!」。趙先生說他們參加過中國的徽州旅行團,五天四夜,每人才五百多人民幣 (唯一缺點是旅館品質差)。



林文月《飲膳札記》

2010年12月27日 星期一

李大釗《胡适及其友人》

魯迅報怨過 和淦 等字偏僻

不過妙的是胡適的朋友的明名字中有許多釗


章士釗
李大釗
查良釗
《胡适及其友人》,香港商务印书馆1999年5月。




釗 ㄓㄠ
削去﹑磨損稜角。說文解字:「釗,刓也。」
勉勵﹑勸勉。如:「勉釗」。廣韻˙平聲˙宵韻:「釗,……勉也。」

胡適前傳 (邵建)

找1926/5/24
致鲁迅、周作人、陈源 (胡適)

發現 胡適前傳 Google Book作者:邵建


ultra modernism


ultra modernism (杜威 20世紀初中國 土耳其等國通病)


浪漫才子胡適之 民試週日台灣演義

民視台灣演義胡適」的影片

台灣演義胡適之傳(1/3) 20101226
16 分鐘 - 1 天前
上傳者:TaiwanTalks4

youtube.com
台灣演義胡適之傳(2/3) 20101226
17 分鐘 - 1 天前
上傳者:TaiwanTalks4

youtube.com
台灣演義胡適之傳(3/3) 20101226
18 分鐘 - 1 天前
上傳者:TaiwanTalks4

youtube.com




浪漫才子胡適之 民試週日台灣演義 2010/12/25

民國百大名人誌,胡適之先生榜上有名;他不但是清末時代就拿到公費留學的資優生,一生中,更獲得36個博士學位。

不過,這位大名鼎鼎的洋博士,在母親的安排下,娶的卻是不認識幾個大字的遠房親戚,也因此,這位提倡白話運動的胡適之先生,浪漫情史非常地轟轟烈烈!

和胡適墜入愛情的,是他的遠房表妹曹珮聲,只不過因為元配江冬秀的強勢,讓兩人的關係轉為地下情,由於胡適才華洋溢、風度翩翩,深深吸引許多女孩子,像是留美時期認識了教授的女兒韋蓮司,兩人相知相惜半世紀。

胡適一生,擁有許多紅粉知己,轟轟烈烈的愛情史,是到他去世之後才曝光,這位民初第一大文人,如何在奠定他學術地位的同時,也擁有可歌可泣的愛情?

民視「台灣演義」節目為您收集許多珍貴的照片影像,帶您認識這位曾經擔任北大校長、駐美大使,被列為民國百大名人誌的胡適先生!週日晚上七點五十五分,敬請鎖定「台灣演義」節目。

2010年12月22日 星期三

從六十年前台北的大學生想到約80年前的《資本論》漢譯

"對我們影響較深的是,圖書館的書原本尚未設限。喜愛文藝的,借閱的大都是三十年代的小說、詩、戲劇,大部分是左翼作家所著,魯迅、巴金、杭約赫、曹禺、田 漢等的作品,充分流通。翻譯作品以蘇俄原著居多,高爾基、蕭洛霍夫、奧斯特洛夫斯基的小說、戲劇,到史坦尼斯拉夫斯基的戲劇理論,都自由借閱。馬克思的 《資本論大綱》、艾思奇的《大眾哲學》,我都從學校圖書館借過。這類作品,甚至連只是譯者或出版者左傾的,在民國38年「四六」學潮之後,都從各校圖書館 消失。後續入學的大學生除了曾在中學讀過,此後至少二十年以上,在台灣接觸不到這些作品。「四六」之後,我參加的「師院戲劇之友社」排演曹禺名劇《雷雨》, 我這個「社長」被訓導處找去,「善意」警告:「你們這樣做,是為匪張目。」" (Circa 1949 台灣的大學)
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胡適在"主持" "漢譯世界名著"時,  最早的一本是《資本論》 。雖然由於種種原因 ,許多著作的翻譯,都沒成功交稿或出版。不過,這顯示出胡先生的大公無私。


*****轉貼
六十年前台北的大學生


大學和大學生是觀察時代環境很重要的多面鏡體的一角。六十年,就人類社會說,是變化滿多的時間距離。六十年前是民國39年,更上一個六十年前是1890──清光緒16年,還在科舉時代,舊制的京師大學堂都尚未成立……
一張張全身學士服的畢業照,偶爾有幾張袍角下露出牛仔褲或球鞋,從照片上乍看起來,不會想到他們是六十年前台北的大學生。
那時的牛仔褲是真正美國海軍水手服,流通到市上。身價不貲,穿得起的不多,而且多是男生。女生大多是過膝長裙、連身裙,也有人穿直桶型旗袍(俗稱大褂)。一般男生普遍的是襯衫、卡其布長褲。
民國39年,台灣只有台北的台灣大學、師範學院,和台中農學院、台南工學院,從北到南共四所大學,這一批大學畢業生,是中華民國對日抗戰勝利後,僅有的能較為安定、完整求學,而且順利畢業的幸運兒。同時期進入大陸各地大學的男女青年,都在學潮、內戰的混亂中度過三年,最後歸入中共統治下。
推前兩年──民國37年,是台灣這批畢業生大學生活明顯的分水嶺。
前兩年,台灣處於戰後及光復初期,百廢待舉,而中央政府無力也無心著力照料,台灣四所大學學生和資深教授不足。後兩年,政府逐步遷台,人力、財力、經營力何止倍增,大學情況驟變。
就學生說,前兩年,是以本地日制中學畢業生和返國插班的台籍留日學生為基幹,大陸來台求學的,是抗戰勝利後,飄散全國學生潮中的一小部分。後兩年,增添了由於政權版圖更易的狂濤、以倒海之勢沖流到這還能維持原有意識形態的一隅之地的一大股人。
就師資說,更是巨浪席捲來一大批菁英。
前此自由卻散漫的校園:壁報、海報、大型漫畫,(師院中庭走廊壁報板上膾炙人口的一幅漫畫:教授面對黑板大字寫出「三民主」,「義」字才到一半;第一排課 桌椅,一個學生埋頭小睡,一個學生面對窗外,一張課桌上放著一頂學生帽,此外別無他人。)師生同學之間的言論、隨心所欲(台大壁報一首打油詩,諷刺某位院 長在校方配供院長三輪包車車背大字漆書「台大×學院長×」,其中名句「風頭出盡三輪尾」。)罷課、遊行抗議(師院學生請願改制大學,聚眾在校門口堵住由南 京來台在校內視察的教育部長朱家驊,校方只好把部長從後巷小門送走。)幾乎是每月一現。「二二八」事件,大學生涉入者不多;38年的「四六」事件,則是大 學學潮的高峰。
對我們影響較深的是,圖書館的書原本尚未設限。喜愛文藝的,借閱的大都是三十年代的小說、詩、戲劇,大部分是左翼作家所著,魯迅、巴金、杭約赫、曹禺、田 漢等的作品,充分流通。翻譯作品以蘇俄原著居多,高爾基、蕭洛霍夫、奧斯特洛夫斯基的小說、戲劇,到史坦尼斯拉夫斯基的戲劇理論,都自由借閱。馬克思的 《資本論大綱》、艾思奇的《大眾哲學》,我都從學校圖書館借過。這類作品,甚至連只是譯者或出版者左傾的,在民國38年「四六」學潮之後,都從各校圖書館 消失。後續入學的大學生除了曾在中學讀過,此後至少二十年以上在台灣接觸不到這些作品。「四六」之後,我參加的「師院戲劇之友社」排演曹禺名劇《雷雨》, 我這個「社長」被訓導處找去,「善意」警告:「你們這樣做,是為匪張目。」
雖然廣播一枝「略」秀,報紙也曾有過十多家;在艱困的經濟大環境下,經營和消費雙方都力道不足,大學生對媒體冷漠而疏遠,以致對時局隔膜,與現實社會互動 也熱絡不起來。部分學生較常看電影,男女生交遊,電影院是最常去處。看完影片印象隨之淡出,沒有媒體渲染鼓吹,「影迷」風氣也掀不起來。
37、38年間,台北市唯一可以點選古典音樂的「朝風」咖啡館,是我們一些熱愛文學藝術的年輕人的聚會所。到那裡的人,是為音樂,它的咖啡平平。只有一架手搖唱機、不會超過一百張老舊唱片,卻是除了收音機之外,僅有的欣賞古典音樂管道。
大學生來自全省城鄉和大陸天南地北,年齡參差,背景懸殊,交往來自球友、棋友、宿舍鄰友 ……
同班之誼,要等一兩年後,才慢慢加濃。烤肉、郊遊、野餐,尚未流行,大家手頭拮据是原因之一。舞會更不必說,社交舞不受校方鼓勵,校外邀同學舉辦,校方獲知,也有麻煩。而且,會跳上幾步的,也沒幾個人,他們有自己的去處,不必邀聚同學。
台大、師院之間,老同學、老朋友不少,甚至有人跨讀兩校,都有學籍。兩校社團中,「台大話劇社」和「師院戲劇之友社」往來較多;「麥浪歌詠隊」以台大為主,隊員也有師院學生,「四六」事件中,「麥浪」隊員受牽連的很多。
校外活動,知之不詳。就我個人也曾參與的,以新生報副刊《橋》主編歌雷(本名史習枚,和聯合報系元老劉昌平、馬克任是復旦大學新聞系同學)帶動的文藝活動,薈聚的大學生最多。後來,受「四六」事件牽連,歌雷入獄,《橋》也停刊。
36年底,國民黨台灣省黨部舉辦了一次「戲劇講習班」,其中將近半數是大學生,以話劇藝術為研討主題,講師含括戲劇、電影及其他藝文界人士。這班同學有些 散到戲劇界和學校劇運,但有些講師後來涉入白色恐怖。主講電影的白克被處死刑,主講詩歌朗誦的雷石榆和主講閩南語話劇的陳大禹逃亡大陸,主講舞蹈藝術的蔡 瑞月是雷石榆的夫人,受牽連被囚禁綠島三年。
除了捲入學潮,大學校園內一般同學步調平徐。沒有電視吸引,也沒有手機牽制;大學四年中,學生很少打過電話。打給誰?誰有私人電話?校園、街上,目光所及看不到什麼彩色繽紛撼動心弦的人、事、景、物。
更重要的是,沒有無窮無盡的新聞、廣告剝奪時間,攪動心緒。
從講堂獲得的知識,很少連結到實質的利益──除非博取高分也算是。那時的大學與社會尚還疏離,各種企業很少寄望有大學生加入。連新聞界都不重視學歷背景, 大學也不把新聞事業放在眼下,台大校長傅斯年斷然拒絕設立新聞系。事實上,大學在那時並不熱門,冷科系真的門可羅雀,比我晚一級的師院數學系只有一名畢業 生,台大心理系有一個年級沒有學生。
複雜的學生來源形成紛歧的學生心情。
人數居多的本地同學,爭取到比日治時代增多的深造機會,期待著台灣人自己的主體環境到來,為本鄉本土發展努力。
35、36年隨家或個人來台就學的學生,是隨緣培育自己,期盼返鄉有日。另有少數,原有工作,半工半讀。還有一些是國共兩黨的職業學生,他們有些曾在大陸 大學就讀,遷轉來台。其中還有本省籍學生到大陸讀一兩年大學後,轉回台灣;「四六」學運事件後,再潛返大陸,嗣後出任中共要職的師院同學鄭鴻溪就是其中之 一。
民國37年開始,大陸政軍民商陸續擁入,學生來源驟增。除了軍公教人員和一般民眾子弟而外,還有流亡學生、退役官兵。入學方式形形色色,有大一新生、轉學 生、插班生、寄讀生,還有附讀生。尤其是台大,外省籍學生人數大量增加。台大校方統計,民國35年到38年間入學學生省籍,本省籍58.1%,外省籍 41.9%;文學院的外省籍學生,占72.9%。
混亂的時局加上崩潰的經濟,交織著紛歧背景的學生,使大學校園陷入煩囂惶亂。面對極不穩定的現實生活,險而難測的未來,大學生不知何去何從,無 從安定生活,更無法安心向學,對前途更不知如何期待。
這一段波動的日子因38年兩岸政權對峙之局確定,和這一年實施的新台幣改制,逐漸緩和,終於形式和表面上落實了。
劇烈動盪的時代與生活,是年輕人磨鍊與激勵的機會。這幾年的大學生裡,雖然成分紛歧、龍蛇混雜,卻也臥虎藏龍、人才輩出。前期早幾年的,有政壇領袖人物如 台大的李登輝、彭明敏、辜寬敏。較後晚入學的,在師院多藝術家如楊英風、史惟亮、許常惠、李子達(李行);台大則以學術界居多,後來當選院士的李亦園、許 倬雲、錢煦等人都是37、38年間考進台大。台大醫學院培養出來的前輩名醫,更是不勝「列」舉了。
比對六十年前後大學校園和學生生活,實質已多變易,但有些形式上尚還依稀的。學生身上的卡其褲、牛仔褲,腳上的球鞋;教室裡的排排坐課桌椅、黑板(多已換 成白板)、講台;教授一廂情願地獨白,學生人在心不在地神遊(當然不是通例);規律的上下課鐘聲,只是多已換成電鈴,而且是錄音播放的;制式的畢業典禮和 畢業證書……都沒多大改變。
相應代換的:鉛筆、沾水筆尖鋼筆、自來水筆──原子筆、電腦。蠟紙油印──影印、電腦列印。土產腳踏車、進口腳踏車──摩托車、汽車。
當年想像不到的:手機、信用卡和今日的國家社會生態。
大學生當showgirl,太匪夷所思,何來show的場所?也無此行業。戴粹倫當主任,師院音樂系學生只可在本系正式音樂會演唱、演奏,在校內一般同樂會表演都不准許。
在那百業蕭條時代,大學生極少打工機會,除非原有職業,自動進修。似乎只有藝術系同學替片商畫過電影海報(沒有能印海報的工廠,都是用人工一張張去畫),他們不是以畫家身分設計作畫,是比照畫工,甚至是學徒待遇,去一張張臨摹放大。
家庭教師輪不到大學生,那時沒有升學競爭,很少有人聘請家教。我曾和日籍考古學家國分直一教授,和後來涉入共黨嫌疑的台大醫學院助教劉沼光以國日、國台語互教,是義務交換,我只白吃過他們餽贈的糖果點心,算不上家教,而且是光復剛過半年的事。
大學四年,往事真已如雲,朦朧疏散,聚攏不出多少清晰的舊影。偶或出現我回憶中的,似乎只有師院校園那古老的鐘聲。我家距學校很近,聽到預備鐘響,還來得 及趕上朝會。大三頭幾個月,兩三個知己好友一時心血來潮,相約二十年後如何如何。不久各自西東,你出國、他回大陸,隔洋、隔海、隔了歲月和滄桑,約期淡淡滑過。如今拾回記憶,已是一個、兩個、三個二十年,難道還會有第四個二十年?
六十年來,精神和物質環境改變了很多,大學生活也改變了很多。但也有些改變不了或沒有改變的。
六十年來,或許還繼續若干年後,最沒有改變的是因應大學生涯的原則:不要過於寄望它、依賴它,否則你可能很失望;也不要過於輕忽它、空耗它,否則你一定失落許多。

2010年12月21日 星期二

鲁迅 錢鍾書 與胡適 (點滴)

敬請踴躍參加 我的中國經驗與其限制 (2011年1月8日)

鲁迅年谱(增订本1-4卷)  
這雖然是本充滿官方語言和偏見的作品 不過還是很有參考的價值
譬如說 我們今天可以用它在1934年2月的大事記 各打今日的共產黨和國民黨大板:

"2月19日 蔣介石....發起臭名昭著的"新生活運動" 鼓吹封建道德 妄圖用所謂"禮義廉恥"來欺騙人民 加強其法西斯統治.....
同日 國民黨下令尊孔 規定八月 (原文如此)二十七日為孔誕紀念日......"(鲁迅年谱 第四冊 頁14 接下去說胡適寫篇"新生活運動"的捧場文章)

漢文著作多不懂得索引
如果將這年譜提過的胡適的內容串連起來 就是"胡適與魯迅"的一篇一面之詞的作品 (胡適談西遊記的論文中有魯迅提供的資料 胡適一直堅信 魯迅的中國小說史略是創作 他的作品既有其特色..... 魯迅回憶當新青年編輯時 陳獨秀 胡適的個性都不是可"同情"者 所以保持禮貌......)


****
".....我憶起1943年伏處上海..."中州無外皆同壤 舊命維新豈陋邦".....現在讀來 這兩句彷彿切合海峽兩岸間關係的前景
不妨事後冒充預感或先見 談藝錄裡曾講起 "作者未必然 讀者何必不然" (Complete liberty of interpretation) 就算那兩句也是一例
借此表達願望吧
錢鍾書 1988年9月 北京

'最近看到胡頌平"胡適之先生晚年談話錄" (台灣 1984 20-21頁評及 "宋詩選注" 對選目很不滿意 並認為迎合風氣 卻說"註確實寫得不錯"

****
九把刀(部分)
昨天陳忠信兄*跟我談起他 我一臉茫然
今天注意一下電視新聞 還在談他 他對某教授批評其脫褲* "....沒品質" 等是說"這些大人...."

*2010年12月21日 ... 作家九把刀十四日到台南女中演講,說到激動處,當眾脫外褲向爭取穿短褲到校女學生 ... 九把刀(中)「脫褲秀」引起女學生熱烈迴響,爭相與他合照。 ...


*他還推薦南方朔這篇

2010年12月20日 星期一

Time 中的胡適 (2)

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FORMOSA: How to Make a Martyr

Since the Chinese Reds drove his armies from the mainland, Chiang Kai-shek and his Nationalists have conscientiously tried to assume the trappings of liberal democracy. In Formosa the Nationalists paid new heed to China's 1946 constitution, which guarantees citizens a free press, free speech and free elections. They set up two "opposition" parties, whose candidates ...
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Books: Torrents of Ink

THE MARSHALL STORY (344 pp.]—Robert Payne—Prentice-Hall ($5). Author Pierre Stephen Robert Payne started something in 1919 that he can't stop. He was only seven that year, but he had an attack of writer's itch, and with the same zest another boy his age might have used to dismember a grasshopper, Payne wrote The True Adventures ...
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Books: The Wider Blame

COLLISION OF EAST AND WEST (352 pp.) —Herrymon Maurer—Regnery ($4.50). Like a lot of other Americans looking back on a decade of U.S. frustrations and failures in Asia, the author of this book has been asking himself what went wrong. His answer: not just the blunders of a little clique in the State Department, though ...
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CONFERENCES: Dynamic Neutrality

An Indian wit once described Jawaharlal Nehru as "a constantly expanding bundle of contradictions." Nehru is an aristocratic Brahman who turned Socialist, a fervent Asian nationalist who went to Cambridge and drank thirstily if not deeply of Western culture, a devout disciple of Gandhi's nonviolence who more than once has been known to beat rowdy ...
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CHINA: Dark Horse from Kwangsi

A fortnight ago, China's National Assembly overwhelmingly elected Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek President of China. Then they turned to the election of a Vice President. At first, everything was smooth as cream. At the Dragon Gate restaurant, delegates sipped tea with Candidate Sun Fo, whose father was Sun Yatsen, hero of the revolution, and who was ...
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CHINA: Public Servant

While their leader secluded himself in cold, lonely Kuling last winter, the Chinese people knew only that he was meditating on China's fate. Last week, China and the world learned of the decision Chiang had reached. In an effort to lead China farther along the road to democracy, Chiang Kai-shek would relinquish the presidency of ...
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CHINA: Attrition

In the old library of Nanking's Defense Ministry last week Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek held an earnest council of war. Captured Communist war plans helped the Gerieralissimo to make his points. He read aloud Communist Chieftain Mao Tse-tung's own outline for the offensive in Central China, quoted from the latest tactical instructions for Communist field commanders. ...
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National Affairs: A Little Rain

In Manhattan, Sept. 18 was a rotten day; but it was also the anniversary of that day in 1931 when, in Mukden, a garrison of Japanese soldiers struck the first, low blow of World War II. That fact meant incomparably more to thousands of men, women & children crowding the streets of Manhattan's Chinatown. With ...
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The Press: Freedom in Our Time

> What 25 freedom of the press in our time? > How does the press (and radio and cinema) "mould" public opinion, if at all? > What are the responsibilities of the press as the major source of public information? To seek the answers to such momentous and difficult questions as these, the formation of ...
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Education: China's Yen

Whatever eventually happens to Basic English, Basic Chinese is a sensational success. Since 1930 it has enabled 46,000,000 Chinese, who otherwise might have stayed illiterate, to read & write. The man who put Basic Chinese across, lithe and lively James ("Jimmy") Yang Ch'u Yen lit momentarily last week in New York, Providence, Washington. Jimmy Yen ...
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A Letter From The Publisher, Jun. 28, 1943

To answer some of the questions our subscribers have been asking about how TIME gathers, verifies, writes and distributes its news. You hear so many languages when you walk past the room where our Foreign News researchers work that some people call it our League of Nations. One or more of these girls speaks Spanish, ...
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Education: Small Seed

Washington's last student conference —the leftist American Youth Congress, sponsored, like many another, by Eleanor Roosevelt — met two years ago on the White House lawn to boo a speech by the President. It applauded John L. Lewis and the Russian invasion of Finland. Relatively restrained by comparison, the International Student Assembly convened last week ...
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The U.S. At War, Great Decisions

The hour made the meeting dramatic. For the first time since Belleau Wood a U.S. Army was fighting with its back to the wall—in far-off Luzon. Only a little more than a fortnight after the U.S. had gone to war, the democracies were faced with a possible defeat as serious as the fall of France—the ...
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Education: Kudos Champions

Returns in the annual kudos sweepstakes last week: > Connie Mack, 78-year-old manager of the Philadelphia Athletics, whose formal schooling stopped in high school, was made a Doctor of Physical Education by Pennsylvania Military College. > Jasper McLevy, long-time Socialist Mayor of Bridgeport, Conn., who never finished high school, was made a Doctor of Municipal ...
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WAR IN CHINA: Push of High Hope

A Japanese recently boasted that when Chinese soldiers took the offensive against Japanese on the ground, larks in the sky would attack eagles and goldfish in the waters would hunger after sharks. Larks and goldfish still knew their place last week, but not China's fighters. Along a 1,500-mile front they attacked. Two things had given ...
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Education: 200 Years of Penn

In the old Quadrangle of the University of Pennsylvania one morning last week rang the cheerful clatter of an ancient hand bell that once summoned scholars to class. That homely sound opened the celebration of the 200th birthday of a homely old university. To the shirt-sleeved sons of Penn seated in camp-meeting chairs on the ...
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People, Feb. 5, 1940

Lickety-split from a blizzardy Georgia vacation went William Lyon Phelps to New Haven, to see a Yale production of Timon of Athens, which put him one step closer to his life-long ambition: to see all of Shakespeare's plays before he dies. Of the Bard's putative 37 dramas, Emeritus Professor Phelps, 75, has now seen all ...
801 words | view cover
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CHINA: Chiang Dares

(See front cover) The general psychology of our Chinese people today can be described in one word: listlessness. Our officials tend to be dishonest and avaricious; the masses are undisciplined and callous; adults are ignorant and corrupt; youth becomes degraded and intemperate; the rich become extravagant and luxurious, the poor become mean and disorderly. THE ...
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Education: Kudos Jun. 8, 1936

As U. S. colleges spread themselves this year to salute with honorary degrees the wise, the rich and the merely acquiescent, the nation's oldest and most famed university last week plumped squarely for the wise. To Cambridge, Mass, for the culmination- of its 300th anniversary celebration in September, Harvard invited 66 top-flight pundits, so carefully ...
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CHINA-JAPAN: Frolic With Danger

Occidentals are confused when Japan enlarges her territory because at such times the Japanese Army & Navy always quarrel furiously with the Premier and civilian Cabinet members. Only after the hubbub has subsided does it once more appear that all Japanese are patriots and that the Empire has been enlarged by procedure so obscure that ...
653 words | view cover
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Education: Banff Round Table

A score of U. S. citizens led by Newton D. Baker, and including Physicist Robert Andrews Millikan, Geologist Charles Kenneth Leith, Col. Hugh (Dnieprostroy Dam) Cooper, Frank Cooke Atherton, Hawaiian tycoon. A score of Britishers, led by Sir Herbert Samuel, and including Labor Baron Snell of Plumstead, Sir John Power, Economist Theodor Emanuel Gregory, Cambridge's ...
649 words | view cover
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CHINA-JAPAN: Truce v. Salvation

On clattering wooden geta the little old men who act as newsboys in Tokyo ran through the streets last week shouting an extra. It was the first direct word that either Japan or China had had of an event that seeped to the rest of the world several days earlier: truce and cessation of Chinese-Japanese ...
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Religion: Ripest Field

That China's 400 earthbound millions may surge into Communism has frequently been predicted. But what if China's millions should turn to Jesus Christ? Last week an expert Christian wrote: "China is the ripest evangelistic field in the world at the present time." The expert was Dr. Eli Stanley Jones, who has labored in India 25 ...
586 words | view cover
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Books: Albion

ENGLAND THE UNKNOWN ISLE—Paul Cohen-Portheim—Dutton ($3). If you had been caught by the outbreak of war in what you thought a friendly country and interned behind barbed wire as an enemy alien for four years; if later you wrote a book about your captors, their ways & means, you might be pardoned for taking a ...
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Topsy- Turvydom

Topsy-Turvydom THE STORY OF GILBERT AND SULLIVAN —Isaac Goldberg—Simon &; Schuster ($6.00). The Story. Siamese twins, Mary and her little lamb, Smith Brother beards, are not more indissolubly linked than Gilbert and Sullivan; yet two more disparate temperaments could hardly be imagined. "Gilbert had been born with a genius for petulance, for hostility. Sullivan made ...
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Could Corruption Probe Linked to Son Hurt Hu?

A spate of bad press for Hu Jintao — including the corruption investigation in Namibia of Nuctech, whose CEO was Hu's son — raises questions about the leader's grip on power
725 words

A Touch of Zen (1971) - ALL-TIME 100 Movies

Directed By: King Hu Screenplay: King Hu, Songling Pu (story) Cast: Billy Chan, Ping-Yu Chang Kung-fu movies came to the West via the grunting charisma of Bruce Lee. But his were standard revenge thrillers, showcases for the acrobatics of machismo. For a marriage of martial and cinematic art, King Hu was the man. And A ...
182 words
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Books: Water Margins Novel

ALL MEN ARE BROTHERS—Translated from the Chinese by Pearl S. Buck—John Day, 2 vol. ($6.50). Authoress Buck's magnum opus is not her own. She herself does not know who the author was, says it might have been Shih Nai-an but thinks it more likely that this massive (1,279-page) medieval novel, like the cathedrals of France, ...
697 words | view cover
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Foreign News: Road to Friendship

British prestige in China dropped to an alltime low when news of the Hong Kong, Singapore, Burma disasters reached Chungking. A year later, a British Parliamentary mission flew to China, hoping to recreate good will and understanding. Last fall China reciprocated, sent a good-will mission to England to propagate the theme that the two nations ...
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Letters: Mar. 24, 1997

THE NEXT CHINA Congratulations on your inspiring cover story on Deng Xiaoping, the heroic Chinese leader whose vision, guts, iron will and economic reforms helped modernize his country and ensure Asia-Pacific progress . History will remember Deng along with Emperor Shih Huang-Ti and Mao Zedong, statesmen whose human flaws should not detract from their many ...
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Time 中的胡適 (1)

這是少數完全公開/免費的資料庫 (60篇文章中提到胡適)


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CHINA: The Philosopher Departs

Few diplomats of any nation have been more popular in the U.S. than slight, charming Hu Shih, China's foremost living scholar, China's Ambassador to the U.S. since 1938. Last week Chiang Kai-shek recalled Ambassador Hu, replaced him with Dr. Wei Tao-ming. The Gissimo did not say why. True, 51-year-old Dr. Hu had a scholarly disinclination ...
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FORMOSA: Bright Feather

The big news on Formosa last week was a visiting celebrity: Dr. Hu Shih, China's most respected scholar, who was concluding his first visit to Formosa since that strategic island became the Nationalist refuge and stronghold. Scholar Hu (who has been leading the scholarly life in New York and Princeton) received a flattering and festive ...
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DANGER ZONES: No Freedom of Silence

China's scholarly Dr. Hu Shih, former president of Peking National University and Ambassador to Washington from 1938 to 1942, is now in the U.S., a refugee from his country's Red rulers. His son, Hu Szu-tu, 28, is still behind the Bamboo Curtain, has already undergone the so-called "new learning" in political science at the North ...
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Education: Young Sage

When a storm swamped a rowboat on Cayuga Lake in 1916, a young Cornell man named Hu Shih got a ducking. To memorialize the immersion, a soaking compatriot composed a poem in literary Chinese. Its mannered, delicate style seemed so ill-suited to the topic that young Hu dashed off some lustier lines of his own. ...
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Nationalist China: The Departed Traveler

While serving as China's wartime Ambassador to the U.S. (1938-1942), Scholar-Philosopher, Dr. Hu Shih received $60,000 from his hard-pressed government to use for propaganda. He returned the money with the remark: "My speeches are sufficient propaganda and do not cost you anything." Independence of mind and forthright expression marked the course of his life. Born ...
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FORMOSA: Rebuttal

In exile in Illinois, Formosa's ex-Gov ernor Dr. K. C. Wu has grown increasingly violent in denouncing the Chiang Kai-shek regime he once served. "Formosa has been perverted into a police state," he cried shrilly in Look. Last week China's most respected scholar, Dr. Hu Shih, onetime (1938-42) Ambassador to the U.S.. entered an emphatic ...
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CHINA: My Soul to the Devil

China's foremost scholar, Dr. Hu Shih, has observed that his country's Red regime allows neither freedom of expression nor freedom of silence. What he meant was plain last week at a "self-accusation" meeting of students and teachers of Peking's famed Yenching University (TIME, Feb. 26). Professor after professor and pupil after pupil stood up to ...
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CHINA: Fellow Students

CHINA Fellow Students Said China's urbane and distinguished scholar, Dr. Hu Shih, once Ambassador to the U.S. and now a delegate to Nanking's National Assembly: "We're only schoolboys in democratic politics. We're now in the classroom trying to learn." But if the Assembly was unruly as a country schoolhouse last week, its very disorder cheered ...
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CHINA: Mischievous Moon

The paper marionettes of the Red Cape Players jerked the White Snake Lady through a series of strange and supernatural adventures. But Chinese Ambassador Dr. Hu Shih, guest of honor at a Columbia University China War Relief meeting in Manhattan, was not paying attention. He had come prepared to say that China will fight on, ...
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CHINA: Traitor Hu

A new sort of treason—the treason of destructively criticizing a dead man's ideals—was charged last week against that august intellectual aristocrat Dr. Hu Shih. famed as "the foremost Chinese modern thinker," founder of the Chinese Literary Renaissance, first Chinese to write poetry in the spoken language of the people, graduate of Cornell (B. A.) and ...
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RED CHINA: Unstable Achievement

Mao Tse-tung stood high on the Gate of Heavenly Peace, beamed down as half a million persons paraded before him in celebration of the eighth anniversary of the Communist conquest of China. There were the well-drilled children of the Young Pioneers, paratroopers, government workers with flowers in hand. Overhead roared Soviet-made jet bombers and Chinese-made ...
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FORMOSA: Suggestions from Stockholders

The National Assembly of Free China is a sort of political stockholders' meeting. Comprised of delegates elected generally not from politics but from universities, business and the professions, it meets every six years to review the government's operations, make suggestions, and elect a president and vice president. Last week, meeting for the first time since ...
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Foreign News: Scum!

Often called "the foremost Chinese thinker of today" is Hu Shih, for nine years Professor of Philosophy at Peking University, and later Dean of the English Department, the first Chinese to write poetry in the spoken vernacular, vigorous editor for many a moon of the slightly radical Chinese weekly Endeavor, and frequently mentioned as likely ...
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CHINA: The Ivory Tower

U.S. policy toward China had been stalled at dead center for nine months. Last January George Marshall's parting advice, after 13 months in China, had called for major Chinese self-reform before any further U.S. assistance to the Chinese Government. When President Truman sent Lieut. General Albert C. Wedemeyer to China in Marshall's footsteps this summer, ...
562 words | view cover
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CHINA: Tough Guy for Tough Times

By making his brother-in-law, T. V. Soong, Foreign Minister of China, Chiang Kai-shek last week formally recognized two facts. One was the extraordinary ability of one of China's top administrators; the other, that China no longer has any "foreign relations" in the old sense. With most of the world as war-swept as China, foreign relations ...
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Foreign News: Eighteen Levels Down

Just before last week's Communist stab through the Nationalist Huai River defense line (see above), TIME Correspondent Frederick Gruin made a visit to the Huai front. His report: The railroad station at Pukow, just across the Yangtze from Nanking, was choked with people. Soldiers, bulky in padded winter khaki, bivouacked on the concrete platforms. Their ...
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Education: Guarding a Tradition

For the mainland and the world, Formosa's refugee scholars guard a treasure: the tradition of humanistic and rationalistic China. But Formosa is losing intellectuals so fast that the tradition is endangered. Last week, at the University of Washington in Seattle, 100 Chinese and U.S. scholars discussed ways of saving it in a five-day Sino-American Conference ...
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Art: Head Huntress

With her Siamese cat, husband, violin and 28 pieces of metal baggage, capable grey-haired Malvina Hoffman sailed into New York Harbor last fortnight. Three-quarters of the largest sculpture commission ever given a woman was completed. Sculptress Hoffman was born in New York 45 years ago, the daughter of British Pianist Richard Hoffman who was imported ...
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FORMOSA: Dismounting a Tiger

Three weeks ago a well-known Formosan publisher who dared propose setting up an opposition political party went to jail. Kuomintang officials congratulated themselves that they had neatly disposed of the opposition and expected to hear no more about it. After all, the technique had worked before—notably three years ago, when another political critic, the daily ...
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Milestones: Mar. 2, 1962

Married. Arthur Miller, 46, famed Broadway playwright and ex-husband of Marilyn Monroe; and Ingeborg Morath, 38, Vienna-born freelance photographer; he for the third time, she for the second; in New Milford, Conn. Divorced. Princess Christine Margarethe of Hesse, 29, lissome niece of Britain's Prince Philip; by Prince Andrej of Yugoslavia, 32, insurance-broking brother of former ...
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Education: 300 Million to Go

Though China was old and wise after 40 centuries of civilization, only 15% of her people knew how to read & write when James Yang Ch'u Yen and his Mass Education Movement went to work. In 24 years Chinese education has been revolutionized. The forces of history and the energy of many scholars had a ...
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Education: Town Hall

Outsiders frequently wonder why Cleveland is more international-minded than most Midwest cities. Clevelanders know the answer—the educational influence of their city's Foreign Affairs Council. Last fortnight it formally changed its name to Council on World Affairs. Godfather of the Foreign Affairs Council was Cleveland's famed adopted son, Newton Diehl Baker. In 1923 he helped launch ...
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People: People, Aug. 4, 1941

Travelers Pola Negri, 41, oldtime siren of the silents, and Negrophile Nancy Cunard, the British shipping family's 45-year-old problem child, tangled with immigration officials in New York harbor. They finally let Pola in despite the fact her papers were out of order. She had come from the Riviera. Nancy, who had come from Havana with ...
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Education: Dewey at 80

One Indian summery evening last week 1,000 people gathered in Manhattan to praise "America's greatest philosopher." It was John Dewey's 80th birthday, and many distinguished men and women—among them Chinese Ambassador Hu Shih, Charles Beard, Mrs. Eugene Meyer, Fiorello LaGuardia—had come to his party. Nine organizations, including the Progressive Education Association and American Philosophical Association, ...
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CHINA: Pear Core & Principles

While the greatest of modern Chinese thinkers and philosophers, Dr. Hu Shih, Dean of the School of Literature at the National Peking University, was being feted last week at Manhattan's Waldorf-Astoria by the China Society of America and was toasting China's increased political unity, in Shanghai some courageous Chinese cabaret reveler was throwing a pear ...
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CHINA: Wang Weasels

China has no constitution in the accepted meaning of the word, no bill of rights, and her greatest living sage Dr. Hu Shih (TIME, Sept. 9) has recently said: There has never been any attempt to define by law the limits of government action in China, nor has there been any constitutional provision for the ...
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Education: Too Big

Visiting Peking in the '20s, a wealthy Manhattan engineer named Guion M. Gest got relief from a painful eye disease, and picked up a hobby. For his ailment, Commander I. V. Gillis, U.S. naval attaché in Peking at the time, recommended an ancient Chinese eye medicine, concocted and sold by a Peking family. The medicine ...
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The Road to Paris

(See Cover] Lenin wrote: "The road to Paris lies through Peking." The man who took that road for Bolshevism was China's Red Boss Mao Tse-tung. Four years ago Mao squatted in a cave in northwest China's Yenan wilderness. Last week he lived in a Peking palace and he stood, by able and accurate proxy, at ...
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CHINA: Chih-k'o on Roller Skates

(See Cover) Seven hundred howling university students swarmed through Nanking Government offices last week. They wanted the monthly food subsidy for students (now $48,000 CN, or about two black-market U.S. dollars) doubled to meet still-rising inflation. When officials said "No chance," they shouted back coarsely: "Where has the money gone? How much do you spend ...
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Religion: Where Is He?

(See Cover) And it came to pass in those days, that there went out a decree from Caesar Augustus that all the world should be taxed. . . . And all went to be taxed, every one into his own city. And Joseph also went up from Galilee, out of the city of Nazareth, into ...
2546 words | view cover